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Columbia, SC Historical Digital Collections

The following digital collections represent a broad picture of the history of Columbia, South Carolina, from the 1800s to the end of the twentieth century. A special thanks to the City of Columbia, Richland Library, USC Libraries, South Carolina State Museum, South Carolina State Library, and the South Carolina Department of Archives and History for making these collections available online.

This collection contains letters and other materials surrounding the life of five-term U.S. congressman David Wyatt Aiken, who biographers have styled "South Carolina's Militant Agrarian." Born in 1828 in Winnsboro (Fairfield County, S.C.), Aiken served as a colonel in the Confederate Army and later went on to serve in the S.C. House of Representatives. He was a member of the Agricultural and Mechanical Society of South Carolina and served on the executive committee of the National Grange. From 1877 until 1887, he represented South Carolina in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Drayton family papers, 1837-1869

Papers consist of correspondence, writings, military records, accounts, plats, and other items. Included are the papers of James Shoolbred Drayton (1820-1867) and John Drayton (1831-1912).

Edwin Hughes Collection

The Edwin Hughes Collection is a large collection containing a wide variety of materials, including correspondence, scores, photographs, concert programs, magazine and newspaper clippings, published materials, and scrapbooks. There are also materials relating to classes Hughes taught and organizations in which he was active. The collection gives us an interesting and detailed picture of the life of Edwin Hughes from the turn of the twentieth century until his death in 1965.

Eighteenth & Nineteenth Century Correspondence

This growing collection features correspondence from the eighteenth and nineteenth century chosen from the College of Charleston's Special Collections holdings. It includes two letters written by Dr. John Vaughan of Philadelphia to Philip Tidyman, discussing smallpox vaccines. Also featured is a letter from Frederick Garrissen of Germany to Charleston merchant William Stephen requesting that Stephen ship goods to Europe, as supplies were limited due to war.

The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Real Estate Indentures Collection features images of rare and original handwritten documents that tell the history of Georgetown County. The collection includes real estate indentures, land grants, survey maps, conveyance of land, titles, mortgages and agreements from the early residents including the Brockingtons, the Fords, the Heywards, the Porchers, the Trapier, and the Wraggs.

Eleanor Phelp's Cruise Around the World

In the winter of 1922, Aiken, South Carolina, resident Eleanor Phelps boarded the S.S. Laconia and embarked on the inaugural American Express Company Cruise Around the World. The photographs, diary entries, and souvenirs that comprise this collection document Eleanor's visits to the Panama Canal, the Taj Mahal, and the Valley of the Kings, as well as dozens of cities and other historic sites all over the globe.

image of F. Scott Fitzgerald's Ledger

F. Scott Fitzgerald’s Ledger is one of the richest primary source documents in existence for any literary author. Fitzgerald began recording information in this business ledger sometime in 1919 or 1920 after leaving the Army and moving to New York to begin his professional life as a writer.

image from Lyles Ledger

About The Winns of Fairfield County: Brothers William, Col. John, and General Richard Winn migrated from Fauquier County, Virginia to Fairfield County in the years just preceding the Revolutionary War. All three, along with several sons, fought for the Patriot's cause with the local militias. In 1785 the brothers petitionedfor a charter and laid out the town on the site of the early village. Early merchants and surveyors, the town of Winnsborough (now Winnsboro) was namedin honor of this founding family. Mr. Chappell was a Winn descendant.

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